Schiphol
  • Member for 9 years, 6 months
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15 answers
16 votes
3k views
Why do people still believe in free will?
29 votes

Most academic philosophers (around 60%, according to the PhilPapers survey) lean toward compatibilism: the view that determinism (which is what you are getting at, more or less) is compatible with ...

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6 answers
13 votes
7k views
Using the Duck-Typing method in scientific context
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24 votes

Duck typing in philosophy is variously called structuralism or functionalism, depending on the context. The idea that duck typing is the best way to articulate our commitment to scientifically-...

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6 answers
24 votes
16k views
What's so fallacious about the Slippery Slope Fallacy?
18 votes

The problem with some instances of the kind of reasoning you are deploying is that, in a train of thought of the kind If A, then probably B; if B, then probably C; if C..., then probably Z, although ...

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10 answers
18 votes
17k views
What is the difference between Law of Excluded Middle and Principle of Bivalence?
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12 votes

OK, I think I've got it now: A certain logic validates the Law of the Excluded Middle (LEM) if the following is a theorem in the logic: p v not p A certain logic abides by the Principle of Bivalence (...

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14 answers
23 votes
35k views
What would happen if suddenly, 1+1=2 is disproved?
11 votes

1+1=2 is a necessary truth---roughly, a statement that is true in every possible world. Your question, thus, is asking for true counterfactual conditionals with impossible antecedents. These are ...

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3 answers
8 votes
486 views
Are truth-claims inappropriate?
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7 votes

There is a huge literature on the question of what makes an assertion such as There is a car in my driveway appropiate. In the philosophy I am familiar with, the debate is cast as being about the ...

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15 answers
27 votes
17k views
Being alive today: the most improbable coincidence?
6 votes

A couple of brief pointers on how to think about this: First, in your question you are assuming that the passage of time is an objective feature of reality. That is, in order to give a full ...

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3 answers
6 votes
224 views
What's a name for the impossibility of identity?
6 votes

What you have in mind is the principle of the identity of indiscernibles: the idea that no two different things can have the exact same properties. The SEP entry I've linked to above has a nice ...

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3 answers
3 votes
177 views
Is complete mutual knowledge possible?
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6 votes

The most immediate reply to your worry is that, for every relevant application of the notion of common knowledge, what counts is the potential beliefs of agents. There is an infinite hierarchy of ...

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7 answers
9 votes
4k views
How can I know that I am not immortal?
6 votes

Inductive inference. All humans have died so far, therefore (in all likelihood) all humans die at some point. You are human, I take it, so there you go.

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4 answers
9 votes
4k views
Why is Modus Ponens valid?
6 votes

I'm not sure I follow the details of your question: the second argument schema you present is, of course, valid. We might have given that schema the name modus ponens. What would follow exactly? The ...

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5 answers
4 votes
8k views
Can a philosophical question be answered?
6 votes

Will a proof by example do? A venerable position in epistemology, since Plato and until mid XXth century, was that knowledge should be analyzed as justified true belief. This was the mainstream ...

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1 answers
4 votes
1k views
What is the "New Essentialism"?
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6 votes

Up until the late 60s, philosophy was dominated by a cluster of views very much influenced by logical empiricism: The idea of that some kinds are more natural than others (say, water more natural ...

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2 answers
2 votes
88 views
Word for something that if you take it away it ceases to mean that thing
5 votes

You mean an essential property. See here: "an essential property of an object is a property that it must have".

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1 answers
2 votes
153 views
What kind of definition is a definition based on a Turing-test?
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5 votes

It's closest to an operational definition. The idea of such definitions is to identify empirical criteria that would provide every reason to believe that we are before an instance of F, and propose ...

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3 answers
2 votes
229 views
Why is it always wrong to spell out the n-word?
4 votes

Philosophers of language sometimes call this phenomenon the embedding failure of slurs (see, e.g., Bolinger, 2017). I suggest you read up on that, if the topic interests you. Just search for embedding ...

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2 answers
2 votes
189 views
Philosophy of dreams
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4 votes

Jennifer Windt's Dreaming: A Conceptual Framework for Philosophy of Mind and Empirical Research is a recent effort to make dream research bear on questions in the philosophy of mind. Windt also wrote ...

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1 answers
3 votes
2k views
If we can falsify hypothesis, cant we verify them by falsifying their negation?
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4 votes

The reason some empiricists (most notably Popper) have denied that we can verify an empirical hypothesis is that they were thinking of universally quantified statements such as All ravens are black ...

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1 answers
4 votes
291 views
Isnt induction just deduction with an implicit premise?
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4 votes

One easy, and perfectly general, such premise X is: All A are x From this premise one can deductively infer that all A are x, unsurprisingly. One problem with this maneuver, of course, is that we ...

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2 answers
7 votes
264 views
Is Dunn/Belnap's 4-valued system a product system (as a many valued logic)?
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4 votes

the ... negation of Dunn/Belnap's 4-valued system [is] componentwise definable by negation ... of classical logic, i.e. this 4-valued system is a product of two copies of classical two-valued logic. [...

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1 answers
1 votes
100 views
Where could I find good sample papers of philosophical academic writing?
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3 votes

PhilPapers has a few millions of papers indexed by topic and relevance, a few thousands of them with preprints freely available in the sister site PhilArchive. If you are looking for exemplars of ...

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8 answers
4 votes
288 views
Does this analogy about translations illuminate, or obfuscate, the nature of belief?
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3 votes

Let us say that the Arabic sentence in question is S, and that the proposition expressed by that sentence is p. Your friend is equivocating between the belief that the proposition expressed by S is ...

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5 answers
1 votes
885 views
What logical fallacy is this?
3 votes

It's not a logical fallacy. It's faulty inductive reasoning: as you rightly say, they infer a trend from a finite number of cases in an unwarranted manner. For that matter, there are many cases in ...

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1 answers
0 votes
119 views
We cant' think in nothing!
3 votes

You really need to clean up your question: First, the situation in which someone asks someone else about a third person is underdescribed: that (the 2nd?) doesn't know (the 3rd?) comes as a surprise....

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4 answers
6 votes
949 views
If ontology is the study of being, is there a name for the study of change?
3 votes

There is no accepted term for the study of change in metaphysics, analogous to ontology for the study of what there is, or mereology for the study of the parthood relation. Many scholars resort to the ...

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4 answers
4 votes
182 views
Stephen Yablo's Aboutness and logical subtraction
2 votes

Suppose that B is "All five original Take That members are American", and X is "Robbie is American". There's an intuitive sense in which X does not add falsity to B, in that the ...

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2 answers
1 votes
107 views
Is this principle indubitable?
2 votes

Your principle looks plausible enough (assuming that the 'should' there is the 'should' of ideal rationality) but, I would say, it is too complex to elicit clear "indubitability" intuitions. You could ...

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3 answers
3 votes
244 views
From Ignorant to Researcher in Modal Logic
2 votes

One way would be to follow along a syllabus for a relevant course at the MA or PhD level. I know for a fact that this is a good course, but I'm sure there are many others.

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1 answers
0 votes
111 views
Are these arguments -- in philosophy of mind?
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2 votes

Sure, they have all been made in some way or other (insofar as I can make sense of them): Your 1. is reminiscent of the China brain thought experiment, and other similar objections to functionalism ...

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3 answers
5 votes
774 views
How could the concept of 'evidence' be defined, and how significant is it?
2 votes

You might want to keep an eye on other contemporary developments of the notion of evidence. For example, according to Tim Williamson (see his Knowledge and its limits), the evidence a person has ...

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