Tom
  • Member for 5 years, 2 months
  • Last seen more than a month ago
  • Vienna, Österreich
What are the ethical problems with flipping a coin to decide in the trolley problem?
97 votes

The ethical problem is that you pretend to avoid making a decision - but you actually already made a decision, namely that both of these outcomes are equal enough to justify a 50/50 choice.

View answer
If you place a pencil in an opaque box and close the box, does the pencil exist?
27 votes

You are assuming that existence is a phenomenon that can undergo sudden state changes. Or in simpler words: That things can cease to exist and came (back) into existence instantly and without ...

View answer
How are workers exploited when they have a choice in working for a boss?
8 votes

Workers however have a choice in who they work for how much they earn so how can it be called exploitation? Because the choice is meaningless. Ironically, a good example of a meaningless choice ...

View answer
Is religion necessary for the good life?
5 votes

How can you identify what is morally right without the help of religion? Doesn't morality depend on religion? Nothing could be further from the truth. It is, in fact, the other way around. ...

View answer
Do humans have an ethical obligation to prevent animal on animal violence?
5 votes

Strictly utalitarian, you want to maximize the well-being of all. From this perspective, the misfortune of a few prey is easily outweighted by the advantages of the many. In addition to the predators,...

View answer
Was Robin Hood's point of view ethically sound?
4 votes

Considering Robin Hood primarily as a literature character, we can ask into which genre he falls, what type or even archetype he represents. To me it is clear that he is not the hero of a morality ...

View answer
Golden Rule - Conflict
4 votes

This is one of the oldest questions of philosophy and probably every philosopher of the past 2000 years has weighed in on that. So I'll focus on the different interpretations of it and what they mean ...

View answer
Are we sinners because we sin or do we sin because we are sinners?
3 votes

Since this is a question about words and meaning, I would look first at what the words used actually mean. https://www.etymonline.com/word/Sin "Sin" is rooted in ancient words meaning "guilty of a ...

View answer
If we imagine a world that functions without causality, how absurd could it be?
3 votes

The question needs a better definition of terms. What exactly is it that you mean? If you mean a complete disconnect between events so that there is no chain of causality, then the answer is simple: ...

View answer
Fundamental idea on proving God's existence with science
3 votes

In addition to the wonderful answers already given, I'd like to add a very practical view: "God" as a term is so ill defined that it can mean virtually anything, and it is in fact constantly re-...

View answer
Testing Free Will
2 votes

First, let us define our terms. Assuming that by "free will" we mean acting in a manner that is not pre-determined, where somewhere inside our mind, an actual decision is being made that is ...

View answer
Why do I accept some inconsequential claims as "obviously true" without evidence? E.g. "Most people don't like to be hit on the head with a hammer."
2 votes

Because the semantic content of these claims is so simple and straightforward that you extrapolate from your personal experience and general knowledge of the world without even noticing that you do so....

View answer
Is social status a real thing?
2 votes

Depends on your definition of "real". If you follow a more theoretical branch of philosophy, the point is indeed a matter of debate. You can't touch, feel, smell, see social status. However, if you ...

View answer
Why are legal and moral responsibilities said to be different?
2 votes

The difficulty of comprehension arises because there is a large overlap between the two, so they are not entirely distinct. However, mixing them would be what Gilbert Ryle calls a "category mistake" ("...

View answer
Since words are defined in terms of other words in dictionaries, leading to infinite loops, does it mean natural languages are meaningless?
2 votes

The map is not the territory. A dictionary is a map of a language (actually just a partial map, as grammar, metaphors and many other details are missing). The fact that it is its own legend does not ...

View answer
Interpretation of the butterfly effect
2 votes

In addition to the excellent answers given so far, you view this question in the light of something you call a "plan" or "laws", which you just pulled out of thin air. Question your presupposition. ...

View answer
Why are believers criticized so much for being anti-science when so many scientists are ... believers?
2 votes

Your question uses very broad terms and thus cannot be clearly answered. What exactly is "a scientist"? Do you mean research scientists at academic institutions? Or anyone with any link to science? ...

View answer
Is reincarnation inevitable?
1 votes

While your basic concept isn't new (philosophers such as Nietzsche wrote essentially the same) it is not identical with the concept of reincarnation. In your version, the 2nd "you" is an ...

View answer
Sum ergo cogito?
1 votes

Do you think while asleep? Or under general anesthetics? If not, do you cease to exist? If you cease to exist, how come something happened to you during that operation? So logically, your definition ...

View answer
What ethical problems might be involved in time travel?
1 votes

There is a great confusion here stemming from language. You use the words "past" and "already happened". But as soon as you invent time travel, those words don't mean the same thing anymore. If you ...

View answer
Will God ever die?
1 votes

Does this means that there will always be space for religious beliefs? Yes, but only because religious people keep moving the goal posts. In the middle ages, the christian god was present in daily ...

View answer
Are we all ‘atheist’ or 'agnostic in a pandemic'?
0 votes

One word: Practicality. The church and other religious institutions and leaders are insanely capable of aligning belief with practical necessity. To the point where I as an atheist often marvel at ...

View answer
What are the ethical ramifications of Revenge?
0 votes

The ethical issues imbalance and inequality as well as risk of injustice. The same crime can lead to different punishments depending on who conducts the revenge. One person will beat you up and the ...

View answer
What ethical system would allow saving one at the expense of many?
0 votes

Yes, you can make an ethical argument for saving one at the expense of many. In fact, you can probably make several. The most obvious one is actually cheating - if you postulate that saving the one ...

View answer
How do materialists respond to the thought experiment of the perception of blue and red colors being swapped?
0 votes

You are confusing perception with truth. As a strict materialist, I would not care about what one person calls "blue" and the other calls "red". For all I know, they might just speak different ...

View answer
Can an argument be valid even though one of its premises is false?
-2 votes

No. I disagree with the majority of answers given, which all fall into the same logical trap. They all follow the form: a is true for all X Y is an X therefore a is true for all Y However, a can be ...

View answer