E Tam
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Is there a philosophical definition of badness, immorality or evil that includes non-moral agents and innate properties that are not choices?
0 votes

Kant famously said "Ought implies can", which means that morality only applies to agents with free will. The vast majority of philosophers accept this principle. On face value, this ...

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What is the difference between a model and algorithm?
1 votes

Formally, an algorithm is "a specific set of instructions for carrying out a procedure". Bread is not an algorithm, but a set of instructions on how to bake bread is an algorithm. A formula ...

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What comes after capitalism?
-1 votes

The Routledge Dictionary of Economics gives 4 definitions of capitalism, although it acknowledges that Marx was critical of these definitions: A socioeconomic system of production using roundabout ...

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Can freedom ever be taken away?
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You define freedom as "the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint." That last clause is very important. If a law is created that makes it more ...

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What threat to the external validity of a study is not also a threat to its internal validity?
1 votes

The key is that scientist must define the scope of an experiment before collecting any data. In the example causative gave, if the scientist limited their scope to the month of August, then the fact ...

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What do you call refusing to accept any proposition when there is any remote possibility it could be false?
1 votes

Descartes was the first to take this position, so it is usually called Cartesian Skepticism or Cartesian Doubt: His basic strategy was to consider false any belief that falls prey to even the ...

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Is it always wrong to use other people for one's own purpose?
3 votes

Kant did not say that it is wrong to view someone as a means. He said it is wrong to view someone as only a means. When a farmer gets a laborer to collects crops, he is using another person as a means ...

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Did Kant ever explain why “senses do not err” when it comes to optical illusions?
4 votes

When a person looks at a picture displaying the Müller-Lyer illusion, there is a 6 steps process that happens: Neurons in the eye detect light. The eye gives this information to the subconscious. The ...

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Is there a proof that we can't prove a physical theory?
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Suppose we build a theory using only one axiom. This axiom is: Every car in UK is red. The quantifier goes all over the set of cars (in the time of formulation of the axiom, so there is no need to ...

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Is loving someone essentially selfish?
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An psychological egoist would claim that if a person takes an action to build or maintain a loving relationship, then that person must benefit more from the relationship than it costs them to preform ...

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Is there any moral reasoning behind punishment?
7 votes

There are 2 main justifications for punishment used in modern philosophy. Consequentialism The idea is that punishing criminals deters them and others from doing crimes in the future. One of the ...

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What is the logical fallacy that we face here?
1 votes

It is a little hard for me to be sure exactly what is going on in the quote, mostly likely because it is a translation of a paraphrase. In the original it is probably much easier to discern each ...

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How is this a Gettier case?
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What you are suggesting is the solution to Gettier Problems called the Infallibility Proposal: Thus, for instance, an infallibilist about knowledge might claim that because (in Case I) Smith’s ...

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Why thank God for good things, but not blame God for bad things?
-3 votes

First and foremost, we must draw a distinction between moral evil and natural evil. As defined by the IEP: Moral evil = evil or suffering that results from the immoral choices of free creatures. ...

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Does Stoicism condone passivity?
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1 votes

First and most importantly, compare the differences between the definitions of the words 'stoical' and 'Kantian' as provided by the Oxford dictionary: stoical - Enduring pain and hardship without ...

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Are there other reasons than "the world is an illusion" that the radical skeptics use to doubt almost everything?
1 votes

Famously, Descartes assumed that a claim was false if it "falls prey to even the slightest doubt". He reasoned that if he did this, than any conclusions that he reaches must be undeniably ...

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Is it possible for God to exist outside of time?
1 votes

I feel like you need a more rigorous definition of what 'outside time' means. I can think of two different interpretations of the term which lead to different answers. Omniscience - Has correct ...

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What is the difference between philosophy and religion?
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There are many fields of philosophy that do not interact with religion at all. For a few examples: Aestetics Logic Heuristics Philosophy of Science Philosophy of Language You could argue that the ...

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What is one’s incentive to be moral?
1 votes

There is a branch of philosophy called metaethics which deals with your question, among others. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy's article on the subject is a great place to start, especially ...

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Can a logical statement be meaningless?
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I know it sounds like I am being a wise guy, but what do you mean by meaningless. The statement 'If the sky is blue, then the sky is blue,' is a logical statement that does not convey any information, ...

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What do you call the fact that you can't derive all the laws of other sciences from the law of physics?
1 votes

The position that the laws of one branch of science can be deduced from another branch is called reductionism.* The two simplest counter-arguments are the Many-One Argument and the One-Many Argument. ...

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Is it possible for morality to exist?
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I believe what you are describing is the Is-Ought Problem. 'Is' statements are about the state the world. 'Ought' statements are about what we should do in response to the state of the world. The Is-...

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What is a negative side of a utilitarian that focuses on what is expected to happen?
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You are better dividing utilitarians into 5 groups; actual, likely, foreseeable, foreseen, and intended consequences. Actual - What happens is important Likely - What is most likely to happen is ...

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Is this moral philosophy consequentialist or deontological?
2 votes

Other responses claim that moral rightness depends on foreseen, foreseeable, intended, or likely consequences, rather than actual ones. -Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy's Entry on ...

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Are there any points that can't be made without thought experiments?
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I think your two questions are not equivalent, so I'll answer one and then the other. First Question A thought experiment is an analysis of what a theory claims will happen to a system assuming an ...

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What is the name of the idea that knowledge is dependent on past experience?
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Assuming your knowledge concerns things besides pure mathematics and logic, what you are looking for is empiricism or phenomenology depending on what you are focusing on. If you are interested in how ...

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If virtue is determined by the golden rule, doesn't it need to add the clause "unless you absolutely have to"?
1 votes

Immanuel Kant formulated the principle Ought Implies Can. It says that if morality (Ought) applies to a situation, then it must be that free will (Can) also does. It is easier to understand this in ...

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How can a finite number of observations justify confidence in complex theories
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1 votes

Just warning you, this is a math heavy proof. Lets start by defining some terms: N = number of tests preformed P(S) = probability of a result happening if S was true S1: The program does not have a ...

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Is there any inconsistency in Berkeley's philosophy?
2 votes

A major problem Berkeley would face today was actually solved in his time with what I would actually consider one of the most elegant solution to a philosophical argument ever proposed. In a famous ...

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Innocent until proven guilty
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1 votes

Take the sentence, "Adam committed theft." If there is enough evidence to give this statement the truth value of 'True', we do so; if there is enough evidence to give this statement the truth value of ...

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