E Tam
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8 answers
8 votes
4k views
Is there any moral reasoning behind punishment?
7 votes

There are 2 main justifications for punishment used in modern philosophy. Consequentialism The idea is that punishing criminals deters them and others from doing crimes in the future. One of the ...

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1 answers
1 votes
142 views
Did Kant ever explain why “senses do not err” when it comes to optical illusions?
4 votes

When a person looks at a picture displaying the Müller-Lyer illusion, there is a 6 steps process that happens: Neurons in the eye detect light. The eye gives this information to the subconscious. The ...

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3 answers
-1 votes
95 views
Is it always wrong to use other people for one's own purpose?
3 votes

Kant did not say that it is wrong to view someone as a means. He said it is wrong to view someone as only a means. When a farmer gets a laborer to collects crops, he is using another person as a means ...

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4 answers
1 votes
157 views
Is this moral philosophy consequentialist or deontological?
2 votes

Other responses claim that moral rightness depends on foreseen, foreseeable, intended, or likely consequences, rather than actual ones. -Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy's Entry on ...

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2 answers
1 votes
175 views
Is there any inconsistency in Berkley's philosophy?
2 votes

A major problem Berkeley would face today was actually solved in his time with what I would actually consider one of the most elegant solution to a philosophical argument ever proposed. In a famous ...

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1 answers
1 votes
50 views
What is the difference between a model and algorithm?
1 votes

Formally, an algorithm is "a specific set of instructions for carrying out a procedure". Bread is not an algorithm, but a set of instructions on how to bake bread is an algorithm. A formula ...

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2 answers
2 votes
87 views
What threat to the external validity of a study is not also a threat to its internal validity?
1 votes

The key is that scientist must define the scope of an experiment before collecting any data. In the example causative gave, if the scientist limited their scope to the month of August, then the fact ...

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1 answers
0 votes
97 views
What do you call refusing to accept any proposition when there is any remote possibility it could be false?
1 votes

Descartes was the first to take this position, so it is usually called Cartesian Skepticism or Cartesian Doubt: His basic strategy was to consider false any belief that falls prey to even the ...

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2 answers
1 votes
106 views
What is the logical fallacy that we face here?
1 votes

It is a little hard for me to be sure exactly what is going on in the quote, mostly likely because it is a translation of a paraphrase. In the original it is probably much easier to discern each ...

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1 answers
0 votes
100 views
Does Stoicism condone passivity?
Accepted answer
1 votes

First and most importantly, compare the differences between the definitions of the words 'stoical' and 'Kantian' as provided by the Oxford dictionary: stoical - Enduring pain and hardship without ...

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2 answers
0 votes
71 views
Are there other reasons than "the world is an illusion" that the radical skeptics use to doubt almost everything?
1 votes

Famously, Descartes assumed that a claim was false if it "falls prey to even the slightest doubt". He reasoned that if he did this, than any conclusions that he reaches must be undeniably ...

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4 answers
0 votes
1k views
Is it possible for God to exist outside of time?
1 votes

I feel like you need a more rigorous definition of what 'outside time' means. I can think of two different interpretations of the term which lead to different answers. Omniscience - Has correct ...

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10 answers
4 votes
426 views
What is one’s incentive to be moral?
1 votes

There is a branch of philosophy called metaethics which deals with your question, among others. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy's article on the subject is a great place to start, especially ...

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4 answers
1 votes
245 views
What do you call the fact that you can't derive all the laws of other sciences from the law of physics?
1 votes

The position that the laws of one branch of science can be deduced from another branch is called reductionism.* The two simplest counter-arguments are the Many-One Argument and the One-Many Argument. ...

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3 answers
1 votes
156 views
If virtue is determined by the golden rule, doesn't it need to add the clause "unless you absolutely have to"?
1 votes

Immanuel Kant formulated the principle Ought Implies Can. It says that if morality (Ought) applies to a situation, then it must be that free will (Can) also does. It is easier to understand this in ...

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3 answers
1 votes
132 views
How can a finite number of observations justify confidence in complex theories
Accepted answer
1 votes

Just warning you, this is a math heavy proof. Lets start by defining some terms: N = number of tests preformed P(S) = probability of a result happening if S was true S1: The program does not have a ...

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7 answers
3 votes
317 views
Innocent until proven guilty
Accepted answer
1 votes

Take the sentence, "Adam committed theft." If there is enough evidence to give this statement the truth value of 'True', we do so; if there is enough evidence to give this statement the truth value of ...

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5 answers
2 votes
300 views
Why people say I'm being prejudiced by judging ragged clothing?
1 votes

One important factor that has not been addressed is the sociological function of clothing. In general, clothing is a way to non-verbally communicate. The easiest way to show this is that in modern ...

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4 answers
3 votes
8k views
What is the difference between Ethics and Social Contract
1 votes

The social contract is the responsibilities and agreements between people, groups of people and the government. For example, America's social contract states that the government must protect people ...

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6 answers
12 votes
2k views
Quantum Mechanics and Logic
1 votes

I think the 2+2=5 joke is based on quantum tunneling, which is when an event happens even when there is not enough energy for it to happen. For example, two atoms could fuse even if there is not ...

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2 answers
0 votes
142 views
Can freedom ever be taken away?
0 votes

You define freedom as "the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint." That last clause is very important. If a law is created that makes it more ...

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2 answers
1 votes
172 views
Is there a proof that we can't prove a physical theory?
0 votes

Suppose we build a theory using only one axiom. This axiom is: Every car in UK is red. The quantifier goes all over the set of cars (in the time of formulation of the axiom, so there is no need to ...

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6 answers
1 votes
457 views
Is loving someone essentially selfish?
0 votes

An psychological egoist would claim that if a person takes an action to build or maintain a loving relationship, then that person must benefit more from the relationship than it costs them to preform ...

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2 answers
1 votes
60 views
How is this a Gettier case?
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What you are suggesting is the solution to Gettier Problems called the Infallibility Proposal: Thus, for instance, an infallibilist about knowledge might claim that because (in Case I) Smith’s ...

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11 answers
14 votes
68k views
What is the difference between philosophy and religion?
0 votes

There are many fields of philosophy that do not interact with religion at all. For a few examples: Aestetics Logic Heuristics Philosophy of Science Philosophy of Language You could argue that the ...

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2 answers
0 votes
138 views
Can a logical statement be meaningless?
Accepted answer
0 votes

I know it sounds like I am being a wise guy, but what do you mean by meaningless. The statement 'If the sky is blue, then the sky is blue,' is a logical statement that does not convey any information, ...

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8 answers
3 votes
245 views
Is it possible for morality to exist?
0 votes

I believe what you are describing is the Is-Ought Problem. 'Is' statements are about the state the world. 'Ought' statements are about what we should do in response to the state of the world. The Is-...

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2 answers
1 votes
290 views
What is a negative side of a utilitarian that focuses on what is expected to happen?
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You are better dividing utilitarians into 5 groups; actual, likely, foreseeable, foreseen, and intended consequences. Actual - What happens is important Likely - What is most likely to happen is ...

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2 answers
1 votes
72 views
Are there any points that can't be made without thought experiments?
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I think your two questions are not equivalent, so I'll answer one and then the other. First Question A thought experiment is an analysis of what a theory claims will happen to a system assuming an ...

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2 answers
0 votes
81 views
What is the name of the idea that knowledge is dependent on past experience?
0 votes

Assuming your knowledge concerns things besides pure mathematics and logic, what you are looking for is empiricism or phenomenology depending on what you are focusing on. If you are interested in how ...

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