Chris Degnen
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Heaviness in eternal recurence
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Nietzsche's eternal return is a view that there are certain inevitable highs and lows in life that happen no matter how many times life is lived. As Emrys Westacott writes, the "heavy responsibility "...

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Wanted references to the Phillip K Dick Total Recall (1990) paradox
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you cannot really know because you [would] have to trust what that entity or your forgotten ego says which could be deceitful too. Seems to lead straight to Descartes: Latin: "Non posse à nobis ...

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Is it possible to a define human being without reference to metaphysical hypotheses?
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Human means Earthling, a minimal concept not rising to the status of hypothesis. The word human ... originates from a Proto-Indo-European word *ǵʰmṓ "earthling" < *dʰéǵʰōm "earth". Compare Latin ...

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Is altruism a contradiction?
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"so there can be no kindness without feeling good" The flaw is that "feeling good" is being seen through a lens of selfishness. Evil and good divide on the cusp of self-centeredness and selflessness:...

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Does existence precede quiddity?
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Hopefully the following will give you some food for thought. In brief, and somewhat loosely, for the greeks essence preceded existence, but the romans turned it around :- n.b. eidos = form or ...

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Are there specifically Buddhist arguments against the eternal return of the same?
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Nietzsche's eternal return is a view that there are certain inevitabilities in life: growing-up, maturity, epiphanies, that happen in generally the same way no matter how many times life is lived. As ...

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Information about Satan
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I think you'd have to go along the lines that Satan, or the devil, is the metaphor for or archetype of evil, so then you need to consider what evil is. Taking evil as self-centredness, then you have ...

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What is a non-circular definition of evil?
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For your consideration. The following theologist says (debatably, as you like) as soon as philosophy considers the question of evil it becomes theology. In ideal forms he says being begins in ...

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What's the term for claiming someone does something that you do to weaken the power of people's criticism of you doing it?
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"For example if a politician who's corrupt accuses another one of being corrupt ..." This is a defence mechanism called 'splitting and projection'. The psychological model is that the offender ...

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Interpretation of a line in the Zhuangzi 4.7
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From the James Legge translation:- 221:1 The deficiency of their faculties--here mental faculties--would assimilate them to the useless trees in the last two paragraphs, whose uselessness only ...

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Is there any research into the ethics of immediate gratification?
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The "no worries" sans souci ethic is well supported, for instance in the Buddhist Pāli Canon and a memorable phrase in the Bible:- Grasping and Worry SN 22.7 the well-instructed Ariyan ...

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What in the philosophy of science makes it not mathmatics? What would I ask someone to filter out the bad faith?
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How would I ask a more specific question ... ? Refer to Gödels incompleteness theorem. The first incompleteness theorem states that no consistent system of axioms whose theorems can be listed by ...

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Authors who think Capitalism encourage psychopathic behaviour?
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By way of a solution to the undoubted problems of capitalism, an amusing article for the recoding of capitalism has appeared on Wikipedia. Really just along the lines of corporate social ...

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How old is drawing a distinction between appearance and reality?
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Plato's Simile of the Cave (c. 380 BC) is the earliest I know of. The inhabitants of the cave think the shadows cast by the fire are the real phenomena, but it isn't until they leave the cave and see ...

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Has any philosopher written approvingly of "living each day like it was your last"?
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A biblical quote comes to mind: Matthew 6: 26 & 34 Look at the birds of the air; they do not sow or reap or store away in barns... do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about ...

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What is the meaning of "using against the edifice the instruments or stones available in the house" in Derrida?
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"Using against the edifice the instruments or stones available in the house" means developing or progressing a problem by analysis rather than contrarian argument. For a simplistic example, in ...

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Is rationality the same as instrumentality?
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Here is a relevant link and quote contrasting instrumental reason with substantial reason. As you say, practical efficiency can be simply instrumental. The moral qualities of reasoning require a ...

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What sort of problems does reading theistic phenomenology like Jean-Luc Marion offer an atheist?
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Marion's theistic phenomenology should pose hardly any problem, judging by this book summary:- God Without Being, by Jean-Luc Marion Jean-Luc Marion is one of the world’s foremost philosophers of ...

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Did Derrida write a book on the subject of violence?
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There is this: Philosophy in a Time of Terror: Dialogues With Jurgen Habermas And Jacques Derrida.

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Does refuting the fine-tuning argument for the existence of God necessarily require belief in a Multiverse?
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Here is a video lecture that addresses your question: The Astonishing Simplicity of Everything Note, it doesn't give a definitive answer to this central question of cosmology because the answer is ...

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aesthetic meaning ‘I breathe in’ and ‘I gasp’
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I would say the origin of 'gasp' comes from the Indo-European root *gheis-d- which is also the root of geist - ghost/spirit. A very interesting and multifaceted origin, as befits its complex ...

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Is it possible that our world had no beginning but is rather eternal?
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Further to Gabs' answer, a passage from Wikipedia states: On actual infinities, Craig asserts the metaphysical impossibility of an actually infinite series of past events by citing David Hilbert'...

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How to stop thinking philosophically?
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You may find this link relevant:- https://philosophy.stackexchange.com/a/9798/5154 The life drive exists in both plants and animals, even at the cellular level. For example, cells are hardwired ...

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Recommend "best" (see description) English translation of Tao Te Ching
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I would recommend the James Legge translation which can be found with notes here:- http://www.sacred-texts.com/tao/sbe39/index.htm and all on one page without notes here:- http://www.sacred-texts....

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What is Sorge (Care) in Heideggers thought?
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"Why is Sorge important in Heidegger? What makes it important for him?" Care is the focal point of being because without taking care, being careful, nothing can be done. Without taking care to ...

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Consciousness without thoughts or feelings?
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The OP asks: "Does consciousness need thoughts or feelings to exist?" I am prompted to quote a Buddhist scholar: If I understand the Buddha right, all unnecessary thinking arises from delusion ...

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Can anyone help me find critical published responses to this paper?
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From "Two Concepts of Liberty" :- My individual self is not something which I can detach from my relationship with others, or from those attributes of myself which consist in their attitude ...

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thing and its properties
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Let's say here, the res essentia, the essence or conceptual reality, is that of a 'gold ring'. That it is 'gold' and 'a ring' are its real predicates and these cannot be changed without altering its ...

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What is the "profound lie" in Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment?
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It seems that Raskolnikov's immature rationalisations are breaking on the reality of his own deeper and, up to then, unconscious convictions.

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Term for skepticism about whether a concept is meaningful
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For "skepticism about whether a concept is meaningful", agnosticism seems a good fit :- "Agnosticism is the view that the truth values of certain claims ... are unknown or unknowable." On the ...

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