Chris Degnen
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What did Thomas Nagel intend to distinguish, in distinguishing 'impression' vs 'perception of reality'?
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By 'impressions' he means interpretations of observations, which may be erroneous. By perceptions of reality he means direct knowledge of reality. A realist understands that impressions are ...

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Why is this argument against solipsism and skepticism bad, unless reality can be defined as what we can observe?
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Statement: "Some would argue that radical skepticism of the kind I have been talking about is meaningless." Conclusion: "2. No, this argument is NOT good, unless reality [can be defined as what we ...

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Do we have free will? And is the world we observe an illusion?
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This brand of radical doubt was in use in Buddhism since over two and a half thousand years to facilitate detachment and mental calming. The wisdom behind it was that humans are driven by instinct to ...

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Must the present be instantaneous in a non-deterministic universe?
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Q: The special relativity theory teaches us that simultaneity is relative to the motion of our reference frame. This seems to contradict the intuitive notion of the present to be instantaneous. As ...

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Why does the eastern teaching of no-self be so difficult to accept, as an actuality and not as a weird claim, by western thought?
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Noting a specific definition of self, akin to ego. ref. Basic Facts of Existence, III. Egolessness The diverse renderings chosen by the individual authors for the key term anattaa or nairaatmya (...

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What is the difference between essential and existential ontology?
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Heidegger's existential ontology is concerned with 'the ontological difference', that is the difference between extant being such as that of a table, and existential being as experienced by a living ...

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What is the meaning of the following sentence in "Nature, Man and Woman" by Alan Watts?
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Some idea of above, between and below might be illustrated by the following quotes: Lankavatara Sutra, Ch IV Perfect Knowledge, or Knowledge of Reality When appearances and names are put away and ...

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How can we let go of one (the Self) and not the other (Free Will)?
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The answer to your question is that you cannot give up self and cling to will. Relinquishing will is part of no-self in Buddhism, e.g. "But when one doesn't intend, arrange, or obsess [about ...

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Is there any contemporary philosophy about the nonduality I read about on web sites?
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You can find a nondual, philosophical treatment of spirituality and religion in Jacques Derrida's 'Of Spirit' and 'Acts of Religion', particularly in the latter's essay 'Hospitality'. As an aside, ...

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Limitations for actuality and potentiality
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The limitations for potentiality are those of possibility. That is to say, there is potentiality for anything that is possible. For example. Somewhat disappointingly, in all probability a TARDIS is ...

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Fallacy of slight but impressive results at high but hidden cost
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Hypothetical example: "the scanners look good but cause more harm than they prevent." This is a "triumph of style over substance". http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Style_over_substance Noting about ...

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How does time flow in presentism?
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As I understand it, time was historically defined as dependent on motion. Then fine measures were defined. Nevertheless, motion still defines time, so for instance, two particles moving relative to ...

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What philosopher said that knowledge is about discerning differences?
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You may be looking for Bateson. Quoting Realising Systems Thinking by John Mingers

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What ethical problems might be involved in time travel?
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In line with robert bristow-johnson's comment, the only time travel is at a local rate of 1 second per second. That goes for everywhere, because across the board everything only happens at one moment,...

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Is there a theory in philosophy which holds that "ignorance is bliss"?
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There is something of this gist in ancient philosophy, namely The Writings of Chuang Tzu: Khü Khieh, or 'Cutting Open Satchels' * ... if an end were put to sageness and wisdom put away, the great ...

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What's the significance of 'Om' in Indian philosophy?
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The verse in John Coltrane's album Om is vividly descriptive. Quoting from 'The Dawn of Indian Music in the West' by Peter Lavezzoli:

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Are there any Western philosophies that present views similar to the No-self view of Buddhism?
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Dr. Susan Blackmore writes about anatta/anatman with a very modern take, via memetics. E.g. Waking from the Meme Dream There is a long history, in spiritual and religious traditions, of the idea ...

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What theory suggests that the world is an illusion?
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The concept of Maya answers your question. In Indian philosophies, Māyā is ... a spiritual concept connoting "that which exists, but is constantly changing and thus is spiritually unreal", and ...

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Aristotle's thought on souls in Nicomachean Ethics
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It appears Aristotle is saying such a life would be too ascetic and unnaturally austere. Quoting Nicomachean Ethics, Chapter 7 (link) : "... but the activity of reason, which is contemplative, ...

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Discuss the claim that philosophy is the science of Being qua Being
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The Being Heidegger writes of before 'the turn' (die Kehre) eventually comes under erasure. The conclusion, it seems, is that Being is unlike anything one can ordinarily conceived of. Die Kehre ...

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Must consciousness display intentionality?
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I would like to identify intentionality with Derrida's Life Drive (and more circuitously Will to Power), as the drive to make sense and organise with respect to one's environment for survival at least....

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Why do cults thrive?
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Human evolved as tribal people, so being in a tribe is in our instincts. See Freud's Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego. Cults are obviously rather like tribes.

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What is the relationship between thinking and the voice?
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You might find interesting Trigant Burrow's "Preconscious Foundations of Human Experience", (1964). One of his observations was that language, i.e. voices, are late additions to human interaction, in ...

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What "driving forces" have being introduced for human kind during history?
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As regards point 1: "Freud cites libido as the driving force", Freud separates libido from the will to power: libido has the task of making the destroying instinct innocuous, and it fulfils the ...

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Should I believe in truth?
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You state that you doubt so let's begin with "dubito, ergo cogito, ergo sum" -- "I doubt, therefore I think, therefore I exist", by which you can establish that your existence is true. Now you can ...

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Are religious beliefs inherently self-contradictory?
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Some religious flavours are not motivated by egoism in the way you describe. Here is an example from the Lankavatara Sutra --"notably an important sūtra in Chinese Chán and its Japanese version, Zen" ...

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Philosophy of Synergy and Collaboration
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I would recommend Jacques Derrida's short book On Cosmopolitanism and Forgiveness. http://www.amazon.co.uk/On-Cosmopolitanism-Forgiveness-Thinking-Action/dp/0415227127 Untypically, Derrida has ...

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What literary works discuss shifting one's morality for practicality impacting an objective?
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You might consider Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness, upon which Coppola's film Apocalypse Now is based. KURTZ "Have you ever considered any real freedoms? Freedoms -- from the opinions of others....

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Is there any evidence that any philosophers in Antiquity viewed space itself as a something?
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There's quite an apt paragraph in The Writings of Chuang Tzu, dating from the 4th century BCE :- Starlight asked Non-entity, saying, 'Master, do you exist? or do you not exist?' He got no answer ...

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What is meant by transcendental phenomenology?
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As far as I know, phenomenology is concerned with existence and the existence of phenomena such as material. However, some 'material' has transcended its basic materiality and developed self-aware ...

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