Brian Z
  • Member for 7 years, 3 months
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Morality of infanticide
5 votes

Ethicist Peter Singer defends infanticide in his books Should the Baby Live? and Practical Ethics. The following is an excerpt from an editorial in the Washington Post which quotes Singer's writings ...

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What are some praise of Buddhism in philosophy?
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4 votes

Arthur Schopenhauer is probably the most notable example of a Western philosopher who praised ideas from the Buddhist tradition. He explicitly compared his own theory of the human will to the "Four ...

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What is a clear a concise conception of Marx's notion of commodity fetishism?
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3 votes

if Mary says that insulation is a benefit of (wearing) a sweater, then she fetishizes the sweater. Do I fetishize the metal lead by ascribing malleability to it? Not quite. These kinds of material ...

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Vegan ethics : purchase vs consumption
3 votes

But I made the case that eating meat isn’t immoral. The act of purchasing meat was the immoral act. If I understand the argument here, you are observing that slaughterhouses will continue to operate ...

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What are the major criticisms of the Labour Theory of Value?
3 votes

In my view, the labor theory of value hasn't been dis-proven so much as it has simply fallen out of favor, for essentially practical reasons. It is helpful to make the distinction between price and ...

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What essential properties make us human?
3 votes

Maria Kronfeldner rejects the possibility of an essentialist definition of human nature because biological evolution is a complex, dynamic and fluid process which produces populations rather than ...

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What exactly is "Anti-Formalism" in philosophy?
3 votes

As mentioned in the comments, formalism in philosophy is strongly associated with the Anglo-American tradition of analytic philosophy. This term is widely understood in opposition to continental ...

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Does this count as a critique of Marxs Labour theory of value?
3 votes

The short answer is no, you have not really critiqued the Marxian theory of value here. One key thing to clarify is that all capital is also a form of labor. Here I will quote the earlier answer, "...

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Would Marx have seen Socialism as a stage in a historical process towards Communism?
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2 votes

Good question. The simple answer is no. Marx did not make any clear theoretical distinction between socialism and communism. You are correct that he describes a "first phase" of transition to ...

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If one can identify as transgender, can one identify as trans-age or trans-species?
2 votes

I would approach this primarily as a political question. In the case of transgender people, it is very clear that we have a political movement demanding specific and concrete forms of recognition, and ...

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What did Nietzsche and Marx think of each other?
2 votes

As other answers have indicated, the chance that Marx knew about Nietzsche is virtually zero. Nietzche's most significant works were published after Marx's death. The Gay Science was published in the ...

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What does Slavoj Zizek mean by Hegel's reading of "felix culpa"?
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2 votes

"Felix Cupla" is the title of the third chapter in Zizek's book Event: A Philosophical Journey Through A Concept. I haven't read it myself but it looks like a good place to start.

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What reasoning (if any) do we use to prove we or the world exists?
2 votes

Proving whether 1) we ourselves exist and proving whether 2) an independent world exists are two distinct but related questions. The most influential answer to the first question is Descartes': ...

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Are there any non-western thinkers regarded as Analytic philosophers?
2 votes

Engagement with modern analytic philosophy outside the Anglo-American world is indeed limited and relatively recent, but far from non-existent. See, for example, the Tokyo Forum for Analytic ...

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Did positivism influence the development of Marxism?
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2 votes

Here is a student paper that argues: Marx was not a positivist. Whilst on the surface Marx’s approach to the unity of science, empiricism, and causal laws appear to fulfil the positivist criterion, ...

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What are some good books on the philosophy of economics?
2 votes

Given the position you are starting from, I think the best thing to read would be an engaging but broad overview of economic thought. That way you can better decide what interests you to read next. ...

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Who owns the means of production?
2 votes

A very good but also very simple answer has been given already. In capitalist society, the means of production (machinery, raw materials, etc.) are owned by the bourgeoisie. This is made very explicit ...

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Can statements about the future be facts?
1 votes

No, person B is stating a future contingent until the truth is actually determined. Some other statements about the future might arguably be facts though, like "the sun will rise at such time ...

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Is the internet a commodity in the Marxist sense?
1 votes

The simplest definition of a commodity consistent with Marx is that it is anything produced for market exchange. Internet access is clearly a commodity in that sense. You pay for it. Even when you ...

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Is consciousness just human arrogance in a inability to accept we are controlled by our instincts
1 votes

TL;DR: Consciousness evolved over time and by degrees. We are only just beginning to understand how and when the various elements of consciousness emerged. First I will echo the comment by @Conifold: ...

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Can you argue against a moral absolute by saying yes it's rational, but not practically so?
1 votes

So can you, in principle, coherently claim that lying is always irrational, but sometimes it is rational to lie? No, not really. If lying is always wrong, then it is always wrong. However, it may be ...

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When would someone not have free will?
1 votes

For determinists, free will is much more limited then you describe here, if it exists at all. See for example this article from The Atlantic entitled "There’s No Such Thing as Free Will". As our ...

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Intro books without historical focus
1 votes

If you want to understand the continental tradition, the chronology of who said what matters a lot. But textbooks that focus on the analytic approach tend not to be so chronological. For example you ...

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Weber and Marx - Modern Culture and Dominant Culture
1 votes

does Weber see rationalization as a "black and white" phenomenon? Basically, does Weber see an idea/thing/whatever as rational, or irrational? The short answer to both questions is "no". Weber ...

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Difference between subject and individual by Marx
1 votes

Marx followed what we might call a relational epistemology and ontology. To quote a glossary definition of "subject and object" from Marxists.org: In the dialectical theory of knowledge, the ...

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The circulation of goods
1 votes

While the Wikipedia article on economic reproduction is kind of a mess, that seems to be the concept that this question is grasping at. I'll quote the following which is actually a very nice summary ...

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What is an example of human labour being the exclusive source of surplus value
1 votes

It has been pointed out that the distinction between surplus value and profit is the crucial issue here. I will elaborate on what that means in relation to the original question. Now suppose a ...

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What is use-value according to Marx and why is it what is valuable in a commodity?
0 votes

The Wikipedia article "Use value" includes several relevant quotes from Marx that may help to clarify what the term means. I won't repeat those quotes here, but they are worth reading ...

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Kant and infidelity or monogamy
0 votes

I'm not a Kant scholar, but he clearly had a strong position in favor of monogamous marriage and against sexual license, which doesn't leave much room to justify infidelity. Here's a textbook chapter ...

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What would Marx say about liberal identity politics?
0 votes

See Marx's essay "On The Jewish Question". It's a relatively quick and easy read. Marx's position on the identity politics of his day was clearly materialist and anti-essentialist. He argues that ...

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