As in the title can you give a succint explanation that goes beyond definitions?
Edit: Here is what I understand of these so far.
- A premise is one of two propositions.
- I am not yet clear about how a proposition and statement differ.
- A proposition is the contents of an assertion which can be true or false.
- One of two propositions contains a term called a predicate that can be used to support the conclusion of a syllogism.
- A syllogism is a type of argument and an argument is a series of propositions with the the final proposition being a conclusion?