Now, I am not really familiar with the matter, although I had already encountered similar discussions. I would say that certain interpretations of religion suggest something similar to what you pointed out, and I have read several books containing a similar messages. Whether an entire society based on such concept exists, I would say no. Not because of the concept itself, but simply because finding one society in which every single member has the exact same view of the world is seemingly impossible, it would basically mean a group of clones. Even within the most strict assemblies, members still have maintain certain degree of divergence on their views, whether or not they are aware of it, this is a different story.