I believe that the concept of dualism exists throughout the universe.
For every word, phrase, object, and thing in the universe there is a positive and a negative state. For example - up/down, in/out, black/white, left/right, holding/not holding, using/not using.
Now, in the case of holding a pen; the holder decides if they are using it or not. The observer, on the other hand, does not have the right to say that the holder is using it or not using it. The observer can only observe that the holder is holding the pen and can't determine if they are using it or not. This is my opinion of the matter.
Thus, in a democratic society, the holder of a pen decides if he/she is using it or not. In a dictatorship, on the other hand, the rights of the individual are negated and the dictator determines that dualism doesn't exist and that the holder must be using the pen, just because they are holding it. Thus, the dictator has negated logic, laws of physics, rules of grammar in order to justify an enforced and language limiting opinion. Note - As described by George Orwell in 1984 - Newspeak - change language for political gain and to subdue the masses.