I'm currently reading Pierre Hadot book What is "Ancient Philosophy?" (Qu'est-ce que la philosophie antique?) and as I reach the third part of the book i can't stop thinking about, how exactly is ancient philosophy, understood by Hadot as a way of life, attached to a discourse, consecrated to the spirit, any different than religion in general? Specially given that many, if not all, of the philosophical schools discussed in the book, such as Platonism, Epicureanism or even Stoicism, do have some regard for assumed truths that rely on faith, specially in when it comes to the models of physics (not understood as a science but in the original greek sense of the word physis) it proposes.. Also, are they really different?

Note: I've seen a roughly "similar" question in the forum before however, as I contextualized my doubts in the body of the post, I expect a deeper answer than those given in the "similar" question I saw, preferentially given by someone familiar with the book I mentioned.

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    In the ancient world nearly everyone was religious in some way. But then, Socrates was sentenced to death for atheism, even though in dialogues such as Phaedo he expounds a philosophical argument for the soul which was later appropriated by Christian theology. To the Athenians, he was atheist because he questioned the Greek Gods, but to modern eyes, he's religious because he believes in the soul. The kinds of distinctions the modern world recognise between faith, reason, science and religion are very much part of modernity itself. That's one of the things you'll get from Hadot, I think.
    – Wayfarer
    Dec 22, 2022 at 6:21
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    In fact, I think what we would now call the 'cultural appropriation' of Greek philosophy by Christian theology is a very deep and not-very-well explored question in the history of ideas. Many of the Platonists were hostile to Christianity, and the old Academy was closed down by Christians, yet Christianity more or less adopted Plato and Socrates as 'Christians before Christ', without them having any say in the matter. There's actually a lot of very deep questions bound up with those cultural dynamics.
    – Wayfarer
    Dec 22, 2022 at 6:26
  • Religion is Religion while Ancient Philosophy is the philosophy of ancient Greece, India, China. There is no philosophy into e.g. the Bible and there is no religion into [Aristotle's Metaphysics](v). Dec 22, 2022 at 6:39
  • Hadot's view is partial... we may find topics in Ancient philosophy that are about "way of life" (but is it religion? why?) but there are many others that are not. See e.g. Ancient Stoic Logic Dec 22, 2022 at 6:54
  • Sorry, [Aristotle's Metaphysics](v) means Aristotle's Metaphysics. Dec 22, 2022 at 9:16


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