115 votes
Accepted

Fundamental idea on proving God's existence with science

I think part of the problem is: Science doesn't prove anything. Science, at its core, is simply a method of generating testable hypothesis that explain events, which are valued because of their use ...
Kevin's user avatar
  • 1,214
30 votes

Why can't numbers be 'used up'?

Does a song get 'used up' when we sing it? Does a story get 'used up' when we read it? Does a path get 'used up' when we walk it? Forgive the computer science analogy here, but all of these things — ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
  • 19.3k
26 votes

Are we living in a simulation? The evidence

I would like to argue that the topic (especially the search for proof for it) is rather useless. With a search for evidence, this topic is very similar to the topic of the search for evidence that God ...
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar
20 votes

Why can't numbers be 'used up'?

Actually, your young student friend may be contemplating an astoundingly subtle notion. Linear logic (invented (or is it discovered?) by Jean-Yves Girard) is a substructural logic that's resource-...
eigengrau's user avatar
  • 585
19 votes

How many Platonic ideals are there?

Although Plato's Theory of Forms presents as a consistent, "scientific" system of metaphysics, it doesn't really hold up under scrutiny, and there's a strong tradition of thought that it was ...
Chris Sunami's user avatar
  • 29.4k
19 votes
Accepted

What does "everything" mean?

Just extend the painter analogy. There is a set of things that need a painter, and the painter is excluded from that set. Likewise there is a set of things that need an ultimate creator and the ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
17 votes

Fundamental idea on proving God's existence with science

Attempts to show that God exists by looking at nature such as the Kalam Cosmological Argument can only assert "generic theism", as you rightly point out. If the argument holds, then how ...
elliot svensson's user avatar
15 votes

Are we living in a simulation? The evidence

I propose that we cannot know whether we are living in a simulation. One of the ways to detect a simulation supposedly is to detect errors from the inside. But there is no reason whatsoever to ...
AnoE's user avatar
  • 2,403
15 votes

What essential properties make us human?

Introductory remarks This is subject to debate and there is no definite answer. The general consensus is that no definite set of properties can possibly be given and if it is done, these sets are ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
  • 13.6k
15 votes
Accepted

Does Mitosis division break the Leibniz law of Identity?

They differ in that they are in different position, just as the two copied files differ by being in different locations. Position is a property and therefore they are not identical. In fact, the ...
Mary's user avatar
  • 1,978
13 votes
Accepted

Why do modern materialists tend to favor determinism?

I tend to share your puzzlement. A lot of contemporary metaphysicians seem to have an outdated view of physics, not only about determinism but also about locality or mereology. (This was criticized by ...
Quentin Ruyant's user avatar
11 votes

Does omniscience necessarily entail omnipotence?

It may be impossible to save oneself. An omniscient being would know that. So omniscient and yet not omnipotent.
Agent Smith's user avatar
  • 3,474
11 votes
Accepted

What is the definition of real?

There is no one canonical and privileged definition of 'real'. However, in the most intuitive sense, it is anything that is independent of us and our existence and immediately apprehensible. This is ...
J D's user avatar
  • 24.9k
10 votes

What does Kant mean by "Existence is not a predicate"?

Mathematical logic, and the associated notion of the existential quantifier, were invented only after Kant's time. Kant used other, more traditional concepts. The ontological proof (or at least the ...
Ram Tobolski's user avatar
  • 7,331
10 votes

Fundamental idea on proving God's existence with science

Trying to prove, scientifically, that God exists is probably a bit pointless but it's not necessarily absurd. As with most of science. there's no requirement to try to find a theory of everything in ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 1,818
10 votes
Accepted

Sum ergo cogito?

Does thinking imply existing? Descartes argues yes: it is impossible for anything to think which does not exist. Does existing imply thinking? Most people would say no. Most would say that a rock ...
Josiah's user avatar
  • 1,853
9 votes
Accepted

Did Kant come to believe that we have access to things-in-themselves after all?

TL;DR: No, he did not! To be precise, things-in-themselves may be objects of thought, i.e. abstract concepts of the realm of logic, and therefore concepts of transcendental philosophy as logically ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
  • 13.6k
9 votes

Are there philosophies that call for things which are not mind nor matter?

The question refers to ontology. The classification matter or mind is a strong simplification. Popper advocated a tripartition with world 1: physical objects and events world 2: mental objects and ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 28.4k
9 votes

What are the counterexamples to Kant's argument that existence is not a predicate?

There are no counterexamples to Kant's "argument" because it is not an argument. It is a view of predication under which being/existence is not a "real" predicate discussed in ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 42.8k
9 votes

Are we living in a simulation? The evidence

To focus on the title of the question, there is rather little active research being done around this question, but I'll share what I know. First is a paper from 2012, Constraints on the Universe as a ...
BurnsBA's user avatar
  • 445
9 votes

Fundamental idea on proving God's existence with science

First, I agree with the claim stated in the currently most upvoted answer that the natural sciences do not prove things in the way that the formal sciences, like logic, math, and computer science, ...
Bram28's user avatar
  • 2,699
9 votes

Is there any philosophical theory behind the concept of object in computer science?

If you are asking whether ontology had an influence on what are called objects in computer science, then the answer is probably "no". I was reasonably familiar with the literature from the ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
9 votes

What are the arguments for or against the wavefunction being a subjective vs an objective entity?

In practice the wave function is a mathematical model which we can use to calculate certain properties of systems, subject to a variety of approximations. What the wave function is modelling (ie what ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
8 votes

How can the physical world be an abstract mathematical structure a la Tegmark?

Douglas Hofstadter would call this a strange loop. If one believes mathematics can "fully describe" reality, one can make a pitch to claim that reality is a subset of mathematics. Empirically, these ...
Cort Ammon's user avatar
  • 17.7k
8 votes
Accepted

How can something non-physical exist?

Consider the case of numbers. Frege, for instance, argues that numbers exist as abstract objects. Here is an outline of his argument: The language of mathematics purports to refer to and quantify ...
E...'s user avatar
  • 6,466
8 votes

What does "physical" mean to philosophers?

This question seems to be a companion to How can something non-physical exist? Some preliminary thoughts: acknowledging the existence of empirical, or even confining physical to empirical, does not ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 42.8k
8 votes
Accepted

What is put on what (the mayo or the eggs) and why?

Narrowly construed the OP question is easy to answer and is not really philosophical, it concerns the colloquial semantics of "put X on Y". According to which, whatever goes on top or on the surface ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 42.8k
8 votes

Are we living in a simulation? The evidence

Of course it is possible that you are "living" in a simulation right now! I'd say it is about 50% chance. we call it dreaming and it happens every night. Well, you might say, that is pure ...
nir's user avatar
  • 4,606

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