5 votes

Are only human beings capable of rationally intentional acts?

Long story short This is evidently false. As it is discussed whether great apes can work towards shared ends, it is quite obvious that intentionality is seen as a given. Some animals can utilise ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
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4 votes

Can purpose be attributed to events without grounding in agency

To answer the title question: Can purpose be attributed to events without grounding in agency? Yes. There are several examples: Daniel Dennett in several of his lectures explains how nature ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
3 votes

What is a "disorder"?

I'm not sure why you are disposing of teleology. We may not be able to derive an 'ought' from an 'is', but that doesn't mean that 'oughts' don't exist. If we have a car, there's nothing problematic in ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
  • 19.6k
3 votes
Accepted

Can a moral theory be eudaemonological but not teleological?

Eudaimonia is translated by many modern scholars now as human-flourishing instead of happiness, or the literal translation of good-spiritedness. Aristotle studied medicine with his father, and spent ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
  • 21.7k
3 votes
Accepted

Aristotle's middle point between teleological eliminativists and teleological intentionalists

Aristotle's ideas about final causation apply to all organisms. The basic notions are those of a nature (phusis) and a potential for change (dunamis). For instance, an acorn has a nature (phusis), ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k
3 votes
Accepted

Good Introductions to Kants Critique of Judgment

A general advice regarding an approach to this book Understanding the book without having looked into the rest of the system seems hopeless to me. As a more broad possibility and an embedding into the ...
Philip Klöcking's user avatar
  • 13.9k
3 votes

Can purpose be attributed to events without grounding in agency

Humans have the ability to fantasise and/or rationalise meanings quite well Humans are pattern-seeking animals. We seek to understand what goes on around us. Seeing a pattern — of the sort: "if this, ...
MichaelK's user avatar
  • 5,144
2 votes

The perverted faculty argument

An answer to your specifically stated question: Yes, the distinction is meaningful. But it has to be understood within the context of the specific faculty, agent, and end. If you hold that sexual ...
J. Tate's user avatar
  • 171
2 votes

The perverted faculty argument

" “contrary to” and “other than” " Surely ig0774 is correct. That something is, or can be, contrary to an aim, is an uncomplicated idea, and free of difficulty. Aristotle spoke of people who ...
Gonçalo Mabunda's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

A simple mathematical example for pseudo-teleology

An ancient example comes from optics, on the path taken by a ray of light reflecting from a mirror. The analogy to Newton's Laws, the "instantaneous" law, is the statement that the angle of incidence ...
gnarledRoot's user avatar
2 votes

Moral nihilism & teleology

Welcome, Matthew. I think some clarification of concepts would help answer your questions. Moral nihilism is the view that nothing is valuable, there are no binding moral norms, and nothing is worth ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k
2 votes

What is a "disorder"?

Answer Your question is a good one, and you of course see the normative element inherent in using language to specify what a 'disorder' is, particularly from the domain of abnormal psychology. I'll ...
J D's user avatar
  • 26.6k
2 votes

What is a "disorder"?

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy has an interesting article on what mental health, including a sections dealing with what "disorder" means. It is definitely worth a careful read since ...
E Tam's user avatar
  • 1,083
2 votes

Good Introductions to Kants Critique of Judgment

The most selling and very powerful book on the Third Critique in American academia is Rudolf Makkreel, Imagination and Interpretation in Kant: The Hermeneutical Import of the Critique of Judgment---...
Paradox Lost's user avatar
  • 1,903
2 votes

What is the difference between control exerted by an agent and causation?

Short Answer What is the difference between control and causation? Yes, philosophy is well established if you phrase the question correctly. Control is a type of causation. As for how does the mind ...
J D's user avatar
  • 26.6k
1 vote

What is the difference between anti-teleology and deontology?

The difference is simple. Ethical positions that evaluate the consequences of action which determine right and wrong are considered teleological. Ethical positions that hold that there is a duty to ...
J D's user avatar
  • 26.6k
1 vote

Natural purposes vs. right actions

The question seems to follow old arguments on natural law (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_law), that if we can identify the proper purpose of organs as god has given to use, it is wrong to use ...
tkruse's user avatar
  • 3,816
1 vote

What is the difference between control exerted by an agent and causation?

The former control system engineer philosophizes thus: Causation simply means that if A happens, then the outcome will be B. A tree is struck by lightning, then its bark explodes off the trunk. If the ...
niels nielsen's user avatar
1 vote

What is the difference between control exerted by an agent and causation?

In causal reasoning, the energy required to explain an effect does not need to come from the cause. As an example, automatic umbrellas are opened by pressing a button with a finger. The energy ...
tkruse's user avatar
  • 3,816
1 vote

What is a "disorder"?

The is-ought gap describes that moral rules cannot be inferred from natural states. As an example, homosexuality cannot be considered immoral just because it is a property of a minority and does not ...
tkruse's user avatar
  • 3,816
1 vote

What is a "disorder"?

Disclaimer: this follows the perspective of the Systems Theory, and this is a personal interpretation I use, which shows useful in some systemic applications. Before: remark that a system is a set of ...
RodolfoAP's user avatar
  • 7,421
1 vote

Bayesian reasoning regarding perceived unlikely outcomes

TLDR: It depends on the prior probabilty you assign to the proposition that the dealer is stacking the deck in your favor, and to the conditional probability of being dealt a royal flush given that ...
Adam Sharpe's user avatar
  • 3,824
1 vote

Bayesian reasoning regarding perceived unlikely outcomes

The short answer is that you can't tell, because you are working from a single data point. For all you know, the dealer has dealt hundreds of thousands of hands and you just happened along at a ...
Bumble's user avatar
  • 25.1k
1 vote
Accepted

Marx and teleology : what has happened, what will happen, or what could happen?

Marx's economic determinism includes an element of teleology, rooted in his conception of human nature. You ask whether Marx's view of history is solely about what has come into being; or, whether it ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
  • 35.7k
1 vote

If purpose is just another side of cause, is everyone a consequentialist?

Purpose is just another side of cause. This is what I take as a premise. One might change "cause" by "reason" sometimes, both are related. Those terms don't get used the same way. At the same time ...
Marc H.'s user avatar
  • 1,895
1 vote

Can purpose be attributed to events without grounding in agency

I think you are conflating two uses of the word purpose. One use refers to an intention. For example, you might say that my purpose in typing this answer was to exercise my mind to distract it from ...
Marco Ocram's user avatar
  • 21.4k
1 vote

Can purpose be attributed to events without grounding in agency

Having agent causation allows what we are trying to explain to have a final cause or purpose or intention. It conflicts with causal determinism, but this would allow something to have meaning. https:...
Frank Hubeny's user avatar
  • 19.4k
1 vote

Is there teleology in (modern) science?

Yes. There appears to be a consensus around teleology being present in the understanding of black holes. Checking for "teleology" in the arxiv might be illuminating and also remembering that until ...
sand1's user avatar
  • 3,704
1 vote

Is there teleology in (modern) science?

A telos in natural science could be taken as the evolution of an evermore refined being. However, with changes in environment the specific required characteristics may turn out different. So '...
Chris Degnen's user avatar
  • 5,837

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