Questions tagged [islamic-philosophy]

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7
votes
1answer
664 views

Why do scholars not consider Avicenna's “proof of the truthful” to be the first ontological argument?

Scholars seem to believe that Anselm's Proslogion lays down the first ontological argument, at least in the West. I also understand that there is a debate whether Avicenna's "proof of the truthful" ...
6
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0answers
2k views

Comparison between Western, Eastern and Islamic Philosophy [closed]

As a beginner in "Philosophy" ... I'd like to know the difference between the Western, Eastern and Islamic Philosophy in terms of Essence, Thought, Ideology, History, Purpose... etc. and the eminent ...
5
votes
6answers
1k views

Can an eternal universe be created?

In both Christian and Islamic thought the universe is created and this is taken to mean that the universe had a definite beginning. Philosophically we can justify this position by arguing that were we ...
5
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2answers
538 views

Who came up with the “Proof of the Truthful” name for Avicenna's argument for God's existence?

Avicenna's (or Ibn Sina's) argument for the existence of God is known as "Burhan al‐Siddiqin", which I've seen translated as "Proof of the Truthful" or "Proof of Those Who Grasp the Truth" (also Proof ...
5
votes
1answer
540 views

Why did Averroes have a limited impact on Islamic philosophy?

Averroes (Ibn Rushd), the famed Medieval Islamic commentator on the works of Aristotle, reknown as the Commentator in the Christian West, including in the Summa Theologica by St. Thomas Aquinas, had a ...
4
votes
3answers
294 views

How does “Plotinian discussion of unity and multiplicity” contribute to Al-Kindi's cosmological argument?

I'm reading a discussion of Al-Kindi's cosmological argument. Al-Kindi is widely considered "father of Islamic philosophy" and this argument is a version of what is now known as the "kalam ...
4
votes
1answer
140 views

How to understand the atemporal (dahri) world in Mir Damad's philosophy of time?

Safavid philosopher Mir Damad distinguishes between three kinds of 'worlds': Sarmadi is the eternal world, the space for God. Zamani is the temporal world, the space for created things like humans. ...
4
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0answers
87 views

Kant's Transcendental Apperception and al-`Ilm al-Huduri

What is transcendental apperception in Kant's Philosophy? Is it an instance of knowledge-by-presence (al-Ilm al-Huduri) in Islamic philosophy (especially Mulla Sadra's al-Hikmah al-Mutaaliyyah)?
3
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3answers
310 views

Can a non linear perception of time be the answer to the apparent contradiction between God's Decree and human free will?

In Islamic teachings which I was brought up in, we are made to believe that everything that happens is in the Decree of God (Allah). There is a hadith (sacred text from the Prophet) which says that ...
3
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0answers
87 views

What is the difference between Avicenna's and al-Ghazâlî's understandings of causality?

In the 17th discussion of The Incoherence of the Philosophers, Al-Ghazali attempts to explain how a certain view of causality (which we can see is quite certainly intended to be that espoused by ...
2
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3answers
245 views

Is Not-Being identical with Nothing?

Anne-Marie Schimmel writes in Mystical dimensions of Islam Sufism comes close to it [Shankara Advaita Philosophy] in some of the forms developed by the Ibn-Arabi school. Here the Numen is concieved ...
2
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2answers
145 views

Is this argument valid, and will the God accept this motivation of praying?

To me, given my limited religious understanding, it is really probable for Islam to be true, but I am not 100% sure. I just don't know the truth. However, I see this to be problematic: this not being ...
2
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0answers
39 views

On Latin reception of Avicenna

I'm looking for an article represents a general picture of Ibn Sina's (Avicenna's) Latin reception in the middle ages. For example in this book we read about reception of particular aspects: https://...
2
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1answer
326 views

What is the relationship between Al-Ghazali's Occasionalism, Whitehead's occasions and QM?

In 1993, Karen Harding, a philosopher wrote a paper, Causality then and now: Al-Ghazali and QM. She remarked: In both cases, and contrary to common sense, objects are viewed as having no inherent ...
1
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2answers
211 views

What is the impact of Islamic philosophy on European philosophy and science

As someone who doesn't know much about Islamic philosophy, I was wondering did Islamic philosophy have any impact on Greek/European/Western philosophy (impact meaning, what philosopher did the Islamic ...
1
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2answers
713 views

Was Mohammed a philosopher?

Could the Islamic prophet Mohammed be consider a philosopher? I know some people argue that Jesus was a philosopher, but I don't notice any discussion on Mohammed.
1
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2answers
146 views

What is the difference between the Umma and the Ecclesia?

What is the difference between the Umma and the Ecclesia? I hope it's the place to ask theology questions. If it's not and that another forum does exist, I'll delete my questions, but I didn't find a ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

When confronted with early Islamic philosophy, would one's time be better spent just reading Aristotle, Plato, Plotinus?

I have been reading Avicenna, al-Razi, al-Kindi, and others, and I have noticed that almost nothing is an original work in the realm of philosophy, especially as it applies to metaphysics. al-Farabi ...