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Questions tagged [islamic-philosophy]

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How can religious conception of choice be consistent with the notion of omnipotent, all powerful God? [duplicate]

Religious people say we have free will in that god has knowledge of whatever will happen but he doesn't make us do sin. I did an act of sin out of my own choice; god was just already aware of the ...
Saqlain Syed's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
56 views

About ethical sleeping in Islamic philosophy [closed]

In Islamic philosophy, those who die are divided into those who die in sleep and those who do not die in sleep. The following link is the relevant question: Sleep and Death The truth is that if a ...
fkybrd's user avatar
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3 answers
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Do any philosophers argue for a state of constant war?

Do any philosophers argue for a state of constant war? Not as a state that needs to be prevented, but an ideal state. I don't think that's Marx, but it may be some variants of Marxism. Does ...
user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
783 views

How should one treat probability in taking a decision?

Suppose, I have a machine that accurately gives me the probability of any event occuring. It's obvious what to do when The probabilities are 0.5 and 0.5 (Do nothing) The probabilities are 0 and 1 (...
tryingtobeastoic's user avatar
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Books to learn Islamic Philosophy

I have for a long time wanted to study philosophy so I recently started reading Plato's dialogues like Crito, Apology and also have ordered Plato's Republic. I want to study Islamic philosophy ...
Mohammed Shaykh's user avatar
14 votes
10 answers
3k views

Do all religions summarise into the same principle?

I have read, a highly revered mystic and ascetic of Hinduism -- Lord Ramakrishna, the Guru of Swami Vivekananda, had a worldview that every religion is true and every religion eventually leads to God. ...
user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
320 views

Is it a contradiction to believe God is both transcendent and omnipresent?

From a classical theistic perspective, God both transcends time and space, yet is also present everywhere. But how can God be both outside time and space and yet be present everywhere?
Bob's user avatar
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2 answers
899 views

Does Actus Purus (pure act) necessitate that God is his attributes / God has no real attributes

If Actus Purus is true, does this mean that God is his attributes (his essence is identical to his attributes) or that God has no real attributes (simply virtually predications of the one essence). If ...
Bob's user avatar
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5 answers
3k views

Is faith just a consolation for the common folk?

In reading Dostoevsky, I stumbled upon the perplexing question of faith being a mere consolation. And in spite of considering myself a believer, I still agree to this statement to a certain extent. ...
dreamerinavoid's user avatar
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2 answers
328 views

Did Muslim Philosophers copy the Greek Philosophy?

First let’s talk about thought, so there are two basic parameters for judging a thought or methodology is original or not? Critical attitude of that thought (If any thought contains the germs of ...
Autodidact's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
169 views

Before claiming prophethood,X was famous for being truthful among his people,so that is one of the proof that he is a prophet?

some people who believe in the prophethood and divine inspiration of specific individuals ,use this argument,as one of the arguments,that proves that their believe in such individuals is legitimate ...
ميخائيل مينا's user avatar
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How common is the notion of God taking a break from work?

In Judeo-Christian tradition, the day when God finished creating the earth is the day of rest. “and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done. ” Does this idea appear in other ...
lrn2code's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
198 views

Is this argument valid, and will the God accept this motivation of praying?

To me, given my limited religious understanding, it is really probable for Islam to be true, but I am not 100% sure. I just don't know the truth. However, I see this to be problematic: this not being ...
seyed sepehr mousavi's user avatar
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4 answers
456 views

What is the difference between the Umma and the Ecclesia?

What is the difference between the Umma and the Ecclesia? I’m looking for answers only from people who are versed in comparative theology and can give proper, well-thought-out explanations, not just ...
Quidam's user avatar
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On Latin reception of Avicenna

I'm looking for an article represents a general picture of Ibn Sina's (Avicenna's) Latin reception in the middle ages. For example in this book we read about reception of particular aspects: https://...
user avatar
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1 answer
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When confronted with early Islamic philosophy, would one's time be better spent just reading Aristotle, Plato, Plotinus?

I have been reading Avicenna, al-Razi, al-Kindi, and others, and I have noticed that almost nothing is an original work in the realm of philosophy, especially as it applies to metaphysics. al-Farabi ...
Sermo's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
494 views

What is the impact of Islamic philosophy on European philosophy and science

As someone who doesn't know much about Islamic philosophy, I was wondering did Islamic philosophy have any impact on Greek/European/Western philosophy (impact meaning, what philosopher did the Islamic ...
captindfru's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
594 views

What is the relationship between Al-Ghazali's Occasionalism, Whitehead's occasions and QM?

In 1993, Karen Harding, a philosopher wrote a paper, Causality then and now: Al-Ghazali and QM. She remarked: In both cases, and contrary to common sense, objects are viewed as having no inherent ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
2k views

Was Mohammed a philosopher?

Could the Islamic prophet Mohammed be consider a philosopher? I know some people argue that Jesus was a philosopher, but I don't notice any discussion on Mohammed.
Rocky Sherbet's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why do scholars not consider Avicenna's "proof of the truthful" to be the first ontological argument?

Scholars seem to believe that Anselm's Proslogion lays down the first ontological argument, at least in the West. I also understand that there is a debate whether Avicenna's "proof of the truthful" ...
user4281's user avatar
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1 answer
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Kant's Transcendental Apperception and al-`Ilm al-Huduri

What is transcendental apperception in Kant's Philosophy? Is it an instance of knowledge-by-presence (al-Ilm al-Huduri) in Islamic philosophy (especially Mulla Sadra's al-Hikmah al-Mutaaliyyah)?
Zinda Rud's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
159 views

What is the difference between Avicenna's and al-Ghazâlî's understandings of causality?

In the 17th discussion of The Incoherence of the Philosophers, Al-Ghazali attempts to explain how a certain view of causality (which we can see is quite certainly intended to be that espoused by ...
Please stop being evil's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
551 views

Can a non linear perception of time be the answer to the apparent contradiction between God's Decree and human free will?

In Islamic teachings which I was brought up in, we are made to believe that everything that happens is in the Decree of God (Allah). There is a hadith (sacred text from the Prophet) which says that ...
AbuMariam's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
244 views

How to understand the atemporal (dahri) world in Mir Damad's philosophy of time?

Safavid philosopher Mir Damad distinguishes between three kinds of 'worlds': Sarmadi is the eternal world, the space for God. Zamani is the temporal world, the space for created things like humans. ...
user69715's user avatar
  • 470
5 votes
2 answers
998 views

Who came up with the "Proof of the Truthful" name for Avicenna's argument for God's existence?

Avicenna's (or Ibn Sina's) argument for the existence of God is known as "Burhan al‐Siddiqin", which I've seen translated as "Proof of the Truthful" or "Proof of Those Who Grasp the Truth" (also Proof ...
user69715's user avatar
  • 470
6 votes
0 answers
2k views

Comparison between Western, Eastern and Islamic Philosophy [closed]

As a beginner in "Philosophy" ... I'd like to know the difference between the Western, Eastern and Islamic Philosophy in terms of Essence, Thought, Ideology, History, Purpose... etc. and the eminent ...
K. M.'s user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
445 views

How does "Plotinian discussion of unity and multiplicity" contribute to Al-Kindi's cosmological argument?

I'm reading a discussion of Al-Kindi's cosmological argument. Al-Kindi is widely considered "father of Islamic philosophy" and this argument is a version of what is now known as the "kalam ...
user69715's user avatar
  • 470
6 votes
1 answer
661 views

Why did Averroes have a limited impact on Islamic philosophy?

Averroes (Ibn Rushd), the famed Medieval Islamic commentator on the works of Aristotle, reknown as the Commentator in the Christian West, including in the Summa Theologica by St. Thomas Aquinas, had a ...
Cicero's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
373 views

Is Not-Being identical with Nothing?

Anne-Marie Schimmel writes in Mystical dimensions of Islam Sufism comes close to it [Shankara Advaita Philosophy] in some of the forms developed by the Ibn-Arabi school. Here the Numen is concieved ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
4 votes
6 answers
2k views

Can an eternal universe be created?

In both Christian and Islamic thought the universe is created and this is taken to mean that the universe had a definite beginning. Philosophically we can justify this position by arguing that were we ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar