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"i think therefore i am", revist, does criticisms really hold?

In Wikipedia the critiques don't make much sense to me https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cogito,_ergo_sum#Critique For example, it is said that "Saul Fisher 'points out that recognition that one has ...
Parsa Fakhar's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
541 views

Scott Aikin's "modest, but not self-effacing" transcendental argument

This question is about Scott F. Aikin's 2017 paper "Modest (but not Self-Effacing) Transcendental Arguments". The full paper is accessible here with a free account, and some ideas regarding ...
viuser's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
78 views

René Descartes' and Wittgenstein Doubt: Self and the Existence of Others?

Can one doubt their own existence in the world while simultaneously doubting the existence of others? If one's being isn't present because they aren't present themselves, wouldn't that make it ...
Hadibinalshiab's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
555 views

What are some critiques of my philosophy about approaching claims of truth using the scientific method? [closed]

mathematician here. I occasionally go down philosophy rabbit holes and end up in some dark mental states. It always stems from examining the foundations of mathematics. As a foreword, I am not making ...
Fraser Pye's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
42 views

What does Moore need the second hand for?

I just read Moores 'Proof of an external world' and I feel like I almost get it. To me the structure seems to be this: He clarifies what 'the existence of things outside of us' is (anything that ...
Guenterino's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
113 views

Why does Descartes derives existence from "Thinking" and not from "Consciously experiencing"?

I am reading Descartes Meditations and in the second meditation there is the following quote that is obviously central: "But I have convinced myself that there is absolutely nothing in the world,...
Guenterino's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
41 views

Semantic externalism and transitivity of causal chains (using Putnam's brain-in-a-vat thought experiment)

TL;DR: I'm looking for information on semantic externalist views on transitivity of causal chains. Is it an objection anyone has invoked? Does it hold? What are potential pro-Putnam responses to it? ...
Amitai's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
158 views

Are algorithms on the internet going to 'completely' remove any sort of common ground to discuss and share 'objective' knowledge in the future?

I always try to self-analyze whenever I am doing deep research on the internet, and it seems to me that Google usually gives me topics that seem to be in direct views as of my own. I understand that I ...
How why e's user avatar
  • 1,236
17 votes
12 answers
7k views

Is the Skeptic's Prayer a valid scientific experiment?

The "Skeptic's Prayer" is introduced on page 411 of Handbook of Catholic Apologetics: Reasoned Answers to Questions of Faith, by Peter Kreeft & Fr. Ronald Tacelli. The Skeptic's Prayer ...
Mark's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
81 views

The problem of iterative skepticism

I mean the following tactics: Christina: "There is a tree outside in the garden." René: "I grant that this might be right, and even that your sensory information would justify your ...
viuser's user avatar
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2 votes
6 answers
635 views

Is there a definitive answer to this question, or is it still possible that 'nothing exists'?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Why_there_is_anything_at_all There are a few answers, but they do not seem to be certain, and there are arguments against answers to the question, what does this mean?
Demon's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
236 views

Did i Just found the solution to radical skepticism?

If someone uses the premise that: 1=1 and then arrives at the conclusion that: 1=2 this means that the conclusion has proven the premise wrong; and if the premise is wrong, then the conclusion is ...
Neo Granicen's user avatar
8 votes
7 answers
2k views

I have an absolute certainty that cannot be refuted [closed]

Consider the statement "language exists in some way". You cannot question that statement, otherwise you're implying the statement itself, since a question is a form of language. If one ...
Demon's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
520 views

Do the senses themselves (not what they deceptively reveal) exist in some form? [closed]

Firstly, I accept that "I" probably don't exist, labelling a tree Barry and a baby child "Charlie" is the same useful construct for reference. Secondly, the statements "...
Demon's user avatar
  • 161
2 votes
1 answer
81 views

Is this is more stable version of Descartes experiment? [duplicate]

Everyone knows Descartes old experiment now. He concludes with absolute certainty that “I am, I exist”. However this could very well be a delusion, since the evil genius could have corrupted the mind ...
Hasan Zaeem's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
71 views

Why is Sextus Empiricus not self-contradicting and where can I read about his works?

Firstly, Sextus states: "By way of preface let us say that on none of the matters to be discussed do we affirm that things certainly are just as we say they are: rather, we report descriptively ...
Fraser Pye's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
3k views

Has Münchhausen's trilemma been solved?

I believe that the classic argument that conceptual regress goes back forever may be wrong. For instance, if I try to infinitely regress on concepts, I actually end up at a point where I can't go on ...
Lawrence Lee's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
45 views

Would LEGIT miracles and prophecies serve as proof for a religion [duplicate]

Let's say that a random man comes to me and preaches his faith. He says that his religious book was sent down to Earth 3000 years ago and revealed to a man called 'X'. I ask him for proof about his ...
Abdullah's user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
663 views

How do we know if our interpretation of our raw conscious experiences is accurate?

X is a conscious agent. X has the ability to have raw subjective conscious experiences, aka qualia. But beyond merely experiencing qualia, X also has the ability to interpret their qualia, by ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 5,397
12 votes
19 answers
6k views

Is it "unscientific" to be sceptical without offering alternative explanations?

Alice has made some anecdotal observations. Through a process of elimination, she proposes a hypothesis to explain the phenomenon, as well as an experiment to validate (or otherwise) her hypothesis. ...
Xophmeister's user avatar
6 votes
7 answers
794 views

To what extent is intersubjective agreement required for one to be justified in trusting one's own subjective experiences?

Context: this is a follow-up to my last question Is the hallucination hypothesis always the best explanation? Suppose A has a subjective experience (or multiple subjective experiences) that leads them ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 5,397
1 vote
5 answers
288 views

Is the hallucination hypothesis always the best explanation?

Suppose there are two persons A and B. A attests to having witnessed some extraordinary event, e.g. A claims to have had an extraordinary religious experience with an other-worldly entity. Let's say ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 5,397
8 votes
19 answers
8k views

Do atheists bear the burden of proof in showing why/how the reasons presented by theists are unconvincing?

In conversations and debates between atheists and theists, is it enough for the atheist to assert that they are skeptical of theism without providing justification, or does the atheist bear the burden ...
Mark's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
65 views

Is constantly questioning yourself a virtue or a drawback?

In modern society, skepticism in things is taken to be a virtue. Presumably, this is equated with being open minded and having an easier willingness to change your mind in the wake of new evidence. On ...
user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

If we don't know anything for certain, how do we know that?

I think it is the case that we don't know anything for certain. But if that is the case, how can we know that we don't know anything for certain? This is related to Socrates's famous remark that all ...
user107952's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
310 views

How does fallibilism not collapse into skepticism?

First let's define fallibilism as the view that there's no belief that can't turn out to be false no matter how much credence we lend to it. This implicitly entails that we take ourselves to not be ...
Numa's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
93 views

Do we know that we don't know whether we are in a skeptical hypothesis scenario?

Novice here, so please don't use jargon or advanced topics (I've had experiences like this on the math stack exchange lol). I was reading through the book Philosophy for Everyone, and I was just ...
Pro Poop's user avatar
  • 121
1 vote
2 answers
142 views

A Case of Scheler vs. Skepticism: Religious Experience

This concerns a problem I myself have with Scheler, and am not sure where to go with it. Scheler argues in On the Eternal in Man that one cannot dismiss religious experience (or as he calls it, "...
Hokon's user avatar
  • 713
5 votes
3 answers
379 views

Can we conclude from Wittgenstein that all philosophy shows just as well that all philosophy is nonsense?

There's been a lot of skeptical questions recently, about knowledge, god, probability, other minds, all sorts of crazy stuff (I'm still waiting for "nothing is true") Can we conclude from ...
user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
471 views

Is it possible for the sentence "bachelors are unmarried" to be fallible?

Is it absolutely certain that "bachelors are unmarried"? Are analytic propositions like these more certain than the cogito? Is this one area where philosophers throughout time have agreed ...
tryingtobeastoic's user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
678 views

Why is Time Cube wrong?

Time Cube was a pseudoscientific theory from a crank. It is generally believed by the scientific community that there is no meaningful theory which can be isolated from the Time Cube corpus. In debate,...
Corbin's user avatar
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0 votes
3 answers
130 views

Restating my argument, people have seen real unususal seemingly fictional creaturs [closed]

NOBODY SHOULD EDIT MY ARGUMENT BECAUSE THEY DONT REPRESENT IT CORRECTLY Reconsidering Unusual Creature Sightings: A Rational Perspective It is important to reconsider the phenomenon of reported ...
loopit's user avatar
  • 119
1 vote
3 answers
159 views

Omniscience argument against Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Pyrrhonian skeptics are known to (allegedly) suspend judgement on ALL matters, thereby being completely free of all presuppositions. But could such a skeptic suspend judgment about their own ...
Numa's user avatar
  • 109
-3 votes
4 answers
266 views

Standards of knowledge-by-testimony and reports of unusual lifeforms [closed]

The argument goes: Over 50% of all statements made by all people in general are true or at least sincere. Over 50% of observation reports are factually accurate (not reports of hallucinations). A ...
loopit's user avatar
  • 119
3 votes
2 answers
89 views

Could skeptics practicing empathy be justified?

Suppose one takes the standpoint of a skeptic to the problem of author minds, that is suppose that we accept that we can't judge whether others have a mind like ours. Then, what would be the ...
Babu's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
59 views

Help sourcing a quote - "There is no doctrine so invalid..."

Recently a quote popped into my head, which I recall as a Bishop Berkeley proposition. But on further looking into the matter, I can't seem to find it. It's within the general area of the following: "...
shman613's user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
2 answers
161 views

What noun describes the ideology that most things are scams?

What’s the -ism that portrays this outlook. This forgotten -ism is related to — BUT NOT — capitalism, corpocracy, cynicism, Marxism, misanthropy, nihilism, pessimism, socialism or skepticism. Such ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
28 views

Substructural skepticism

The SEP article on substructural logic mentions an issue of repeated premises: So, I might have X, X ⊢ A, which says that I can use X twice to get A. I might not have X ⊢ A, which says that I can use ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
0 votes
5 answers
597 views

Do judges violate due process in their efforts to make a logical connection between would-be evidence and facts in question?

Note: I had this post with a question that follows, but then I reformed the question again. I've used ChatGPT to help me research this issue, and I think it has been somewhat helpful. For anyone ...
Dennis Francis Blewett's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
88 views

The possibility of knowledge [closed]

If a skeptic comes to argue against the possibility of Knowledge, Would you refute it? If yes, why? If not, Why?
VP.'s user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
207 views

If an argument cannot be known as sound, can it still be claimed as sound?

I have read the the criteria to determine if an argument is sound is if its claim is valid and its premises are true. However, what if no one can know whether or not an argument is sound because no ...
Dennis Francis Blewett's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
57 views

Arguments against personal omphalism [closed]

Personal omphalism is, for a lack of a better term (let me know if you know of a better word), what I call the possibility of one's own mind having come into existence at any point, with one's ...
user1113719's user avatar
5 votes
13 answers
3k views

Can a coincidence be evidence of a god?

If I experience a coincidence or a coincidence happens in the world that seems to be at extremely low odds, does this imply that God exists? If it doesn’t imply that God exists, can it at least make ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
44 views

How can frameworks build anything complex and permanent given the fallibility of memory?

Imagine you start your framework with some facts. Now, you then derive some statement. Can you hold the entire chain of inference in your mind simultaneously? If not, then that statement is dependent ...
user1113719's user avatar
7 votes
9 answers
5k views

Is skepticism invincible?

Agrippa's 5 tropes Dissent: For every thesis an anithesis Relation: Point of view matters. Infinite Regress: Justifications need justifications need justifications ... ad infinitum Axioms: Assume ...
Hudjefa's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
62 views

Is the (truth of) justification of political beliefs necessary given Pyrrhonism?

To explain real quick. Pyrrhonism is some sort of philosophical practice which does reject (or suspend judgment on) epistemic criteria. It is debatable if they can hold beliefs, but even if the could ...
Alepou4's user avatar
  • 11
-1 votes
3 answers
209 views

Does the imagination qualify as any form of evidence?

Suppose I believe in entities, aliens, God or higher intelligent being that are in communication with me. The catch is, there is no physical evidence for their existence. However, if such things ...
OpenSauce's user avatar
  • 109
4 votes
1 answer
136 views

Is relativism the opposite of skepticism, but practically the same?

Radical relativism denies absolute truth. But we can easily acquire the only possible truth (relative truth). According to Plato's Protagoras, you cannot fail to achieve it. For radical skeptics ...
viuser's user avatar
  • 4,831
3 votes
5 answers
249 views

Should doubt be epistemically justified?

If you doubt a claim X, should this very state of being in doubt be justified? How does one justify doubt in the first place? One can technically doubt anything except experience. But few would say ...
user avatar
7 votes
7 answers
2k views

Should a solipsist get life insurance?

What are the reasons for a convinced metaphysical solipsist to get life insurance?
tejasvi88's user avatar
  • 285